In 2009, Professor Yao unveiled the ambitious “China Computer Science 2020 Plan”, which proposes that ITCS be developed into a medium-sized computer science institute not only for theory but also for the field of computer science in general. The Plan would cover a substantial part of the computer science field and aim to achieve academic excellence competitive with the top ten computer science departments in the world. It would also aim to help make China competitive in future IT innovation. In Professor Yao’s vision, these efforts would involve nurturing innovative students and other talented individuals at all levels, creating high-end intellectual research by faculty members, and promoting the transfer of technology. According to the Plan, the current research scope of ITCS would expand to ten areas by 2020, the size of the faculty would increase to sixty members, and the number of PhD students would reach up to 240.